As people’s living standards improve, more and more people have pets in the city. Pets can please people’s mind and body, reduce psychological stress, especially for elderly people who live alone for a long time. By keeping pets, you can live healthier, happier and happier. However, medical experts at Beijing Friendship Hospital remind people who keep pets: With the advent of summer, people’s clothing is reduced, their limbs are exposed, and they are easily caught and bitten by pets. Therefore, you must pay attention to certain hazards that pets may cause. And cause human diseases.
Rabies: As a result of the increase in the number of dogs raised by residents, and the fact that some dogs are not vaccinated, the mortality rate of rabies is increased. The incubation period of rabies varies from 5 days to longer, even decades, usually 1— 3 months. The clinical process can be divided into three phases: after the dog bites or scratches the skin, the rabies virus in the dog will enter the human body from the wound, causing the patient to have prodromal symptoms: often low fever, burnout, headache, general malaise, similar to a cold , irritability and so on. Then enter the excitement period: the performance is highly excited, highlighting the extreme horror expression, fear of water; fear of the wind; typical patients see water, smelling water, drinking water can cause severe paralysis of the throat muscles. If not diagnosed, and then paralytic period: coma, systemic flaccid paralysis, severe cases can occur respiratory, circulatory failure leading to death. Once the disease has occurred, there are few successful cases of rescue. Therefore, if you are bitten or scratched by a dog, immediately wash the wound with 20% soapy water, remove the shit, squeeze out the blood, apply 2% iodine, 75% alcohol to the wound, disinfect, and immediately The epidemic prevention station inoculates rabies vaccine.
Meerkats: Cats with cats can pass the cockroaches to people through close contact with people. At this time, a red rash may appear on the skin of the person, which is slightly higher than the surface of the skin, and a small amount of scales are itchy. In addition, if you do not pay attention to being scratched by a cat, it may cause “sick disease”, that is, benign non-bacterial lymphadenitis. In addition to skin damage, there are many parts of the lymph nodes, accompanied by symptoms of systemic infections, such as: fever, fatigue, mental euphemism. Therefore, cats must pay attention to hygiene, can not let cats eat and live together, and cats with infectious diseases should be dealt with in a timely manner.
Asthma: An allergic disease caused by a variety of causes such as heredity and stimuli. Depilation of pets, excretion of feathers, etc. may become an allergic source of asthma. They enter the nose and bronchus through human breathing, causing bronchial smooth muscle spasm, mucosal edema, and increased secretions, thereby causing allergic reactions in the body. There are aura symptoms before the attack, such as: nasal, pharyngeal itching, sputum, cough, sneezing and other mucosal allergy symptoms. Immediately, episodes of expiratory dyspnea occur. In severe cases, they are forced to take a seat, sweating, pale, purpura, and even respiratory failure. If the asthma is recurrent for a long time, it can cause serious damage to the lungs. Therefore, there are children in the family who have asthma, and it is even more difficult to keep pets such as cats, dogs and rabbits.
Toxoplasmosis: Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease in which humans can get close contact with pets (such as cats), sleep, etc., or ingest animal waste and raw meat. Will be infected with the disease. If a pregnant woman is infected, the parasite can pass through the placenta, causing embryo infection, causing serious consequences such as spontaneous abortion and stillbirth.
Animals are human friends. While keeping pets, don’t ignore the harm that animals bring. Therefore, to avoid pet-borne diseases, remind people who have pets to do:
(1) Go to a regular pet store to buy pets, and ask the relevant departments to give the pets a “health certificate”.
(2) Pay attention to animal epidemic prevention (ie, injection of vaccination needles such as rabies vaccine every year).
(3) Keep a distance when in contact with pets to prevent bites or scratches from being caught by pets.
(4) Go to the pet hospital regularly and give your pet a medical examination. Early detection of disease and timely treatment to eliminate the source of infection.
(5) Don’t let animals lick when people have wounds.
(6) Regularly clean and disinfect the living environment of pets and bathe pets.
(7) Pay attention to personal hygiene and wash your hands in time after handling pet excrement.